State spending adequacy profiles


Select a state from the menu below. The graph will display five sets of two bars:

  1. Required spending (red bars): how much the state would have to spend for its students to achieve national average test scores, by poverty quintile;
  2. Actual spending (blue bars): how much that state actually spends, by poverty quintile.

The difference between actual and required spending, at each poverty level, is our primary measure of state spending adequacy (adequacy relative to common goals). Poverty categories defined as state-by-state quintiles.

All data are from 2017. The data for these graphs are from our National Education Cost Model (NECM), part of our State Indicators Database. The District of Columbia is not included in this visualization because estimates are available for only one of the five poverty quintiles. To convert the visualization to a PDF or graphic, use the download button at the bottom.

Visualization by Bilan Jama and Emilee O’Brien